The Monarch Bear's Mate and Cubs

A good deal has been written describing the Monarch Bear being very unhappy in captivity, over the 22 years that he lived in a cage. He was notorious for breaking out of his cages, and going in persuit of elk, etc. in other cages. It was noted that he was unhappy or depressed and in 1903 a young Grizzly Bear female from Idaho was brought to Golden Gate Park to be with the Monarch in order to cure his melancholy. He subsequently mated with her, and two bear cubs were born December 23, 1904 (around the winter solstice).

Click here to read a Tribute to the Monarch Bear on the California Government website.


The Monarch Bear, his mate and cubs in their cage at Monarch Bear Hill, in Golden Gate Park. Circa 1905.



A closeup of the above photo showing the two cubs.

We are just begining the research regarding the Monarch Bear's cubs and his mate. Anyone who is viewing this site and has more information regarding the Monarch Bear, his mate, and the cubs, please contact us! (Click here to send an email).

We are currently in contact with Nancy Chan at the San Francisco Zoo and working to discover what happened to the bear mate and cubs, as well as how the Monarch Bear was killed, in 1911.

After the Fair, an iron cage was built for Monarch at the top of the hill between what is now the Aids Grove and handball courts. The bars were bent in at the top to keep the bear from climbing out and Monarch seem satisfied with the situation until someone donated an Alaskan moose to the Park. Monarch immediately developed a fondness for moose meat and attendants had to use iron bars to keep him from climbing out. He was placed in a smaller cage until the cage could be reinforced.

After a few years, Monarch showed signs of loneliness and it was feared he might die. Again Hearst stepped in and purchased a female silver tip grizzly from Idaho. When the female arrived in 1903, Monarch immediately showed his interest. The female was placed in an adjoining cage and Monarch plowed the ground until hed dug a trench big enough for two bears his size but without attracting any attention from the female, he proceeded to lie down in the hole and gaze longingly though the bars. The female was in new mood for his antics and even vented her displeasure on a photographer who was trying to conduct an interview. The next day, the two bears were put in the same cage and they romped and played together for over an hour, but finally the female decided Monarch was getting too familiar and she reared up on her hind legs and boxed his ears. Animal courtship being what it is, Monarch finally established a relationship and his descendents can be found at the zoo.

Upon his death in 1911, he was stuffed and stands now in the California Academy of Science not far from where he was caged. The Bear Cage remained in the park until the late 20s when an adventurous boy climbed the fence and was attacked by a bear and blinded. The city paid $6,000 to the child and today the bear cage is just a memory. Monarch was named for the San Francisco Examiner, "The Monarch of the Dailies." His stuffed remains served as model for the bear on our state flag